Cappadocia the real highlight of the private tour of Turkey. As the sites in this area are somewhat spread out, you may want to sign up for full-day sightseeing tours if your time is limited.
The valleys and rock churches are only half of the whole picture in Cappadocia. If you're short on time, you need only go as far as the first village with an underground city, called Kaymakli.
The most amazing intertwining valleys of Cappadocia lie between the Goreme and Cavusin you'll see in your Balloon Tours in Cappadocia. Here the rippling and rolling stone face out arc through the countryside in a palette of pale yellow, pink and orange cliffs, formed by volcanic explosions and millennia of water and wind erosion.
Between the cliffs are verdant orchards, vineyards and vegetable plots nevertheless tended by local farmers while carved into the stone are hermit hideouts which date back to the Byzantine age and concealed churches. Read More...
Try Caveman Tours of the Underground Ruins on Sightseeing Tours of Cappadocia
The rock of the plateau and the pinnacles was soft volcanic rock, easily worked with primitive tools and that they could make safe, secure homes for themselves relatively quickly.
You could call them "cavemen," I suppose, though their civilization was far too advanced for this term to apply. Early Christians who fled Roman, and later Arabic, persecution came to this area and found refuge in the rock caves.
They hollowed outhouses, stables, work and storage rooms, churches entire communities from the soft rock. Passages leading into these shelters were built so that massive stone wheel-doors could be rolled across the narrow places, preventing attackers from reaching the interior.
There are hundreds of caves in the valley of Cappadocia; no one has ever visited them all. The strangest and most appealing of these cave communities are to be found in and around the Goreme Valley, but even in Urgup itself, there are caves. The alternative is to organize your private tours of Cappadocia to visit them all.
Top 20 Things to See and Do in Cappadocia
Balloon Ride over Cappadocia
Fly over Cappadocia’s peaks and valleys on hot air balloon private sightseeing tour. Watch the sunrise over Cappadocia’s famous fairy chimneys and enjoy an unbeatable 360-degree bird’s-eye view of Cappadocia. The photo opportunities will take your breath away. You cannot come to Cappadocia with taking a hot air balloon ride. You will get a certificate to say you've completed the balloon ride! Prices are reasonable.
Goreme Open-Air Museum
This place is so mysterious and magical and so tranquil and relaxed. The scenery is absolutely stunning, and these fantastic fairy houses and suggestive rock formations must be seen on a private tour. There are numerous valleys each with historic churches. The history, culture, unique geology, archaeology is just breathtaking. So many caves homes, ancient churches it is awesome.The photo opportunities are incredible.
Kaymaklı Underground City
Escorted private tours of the Kaymakli underground city which was built on the hill known as the Citadel of Kaymakli and was opened to visitors in 1964. The people of Kaymakli village constructed their houses around nearly one hundred tunnels of the underground city. The inhabitants of the region still use the most convenient places in the tunnels as cellars, storage areas and stables, which they access through their courtyards.
Derinkuyu Underground City
This amazing underground city is just breathtaking, firstly how they managed to build seven floors beneath the surface and secondly how they could live here is just spooky yet mesmerising! They were cattle kept below ground as well, and it is so hard to take it all in. Get a guided tour to learn the full history behind this underground city. Not for the claustrophobic and not ideal for very tall people !
Red and Rose Valleys
There are so many walking trails here, and you can walk for hours, but everything is very easily signposted. You pass by small cafes where you can take a rest and have a cay (tea), and enjoy the fabulous views. The stunning red formations made by the volcanos is just breathtaking. Take a guided private tour and hear the history behind the volcanic eruption.Amazing panoramic photos can be taken here.
This stunning valley with slightly suggestive rock formations is a must do if you love walking along trails and hiking over a few rocks here and there. The scenery yet again in Cappadocia is truly breathtaking and will stay with you forever regardless if you take photographs or not, you will never forget your visit here. Take a private tour and learn the history. Small shops selling local handicrafts are dotted around the valley.
Zelve Open-Air Museum
The Zelve Open-Air Museum private tour is fascinating; the Zelve once housed one of the largest communities in the region is an amazing cave town, honeycombed with religious chambers, secular chambers and dwelling houses. This unreal feet of engineering and craftsmanship is situated about 10 km from Goreme on the Avanos road this are is where Christians and Muslims lived together in perfect harmony, until the mid-1920's.
A fabulous place to visit and see down the valley below how the fairy chimneys are now home to thousands of pigeons. There is a place where you can buy a bag of bird seed for 1tl; the kids loved feeding the birds. Just shake the bag and they come flying up the valley to eat the seed. Lovely cafes overlooking the valley if you just fancy relaxing and watching the birds.
Pasabag (Monks Valley)
Visit Pasabag in Cappadocia where remarkable earth pillars can be seen in the middle of a vineyard (Pacha's vineyard also called Monks Valley). A chapel dedicated to St. Simeon (Simon) and a hermit's shelter is built into one of the fairy chimneys with three heads here. Your private tour guide will elaborate on the story of St. Simon which is fascinating when you are on your tour of Pasabag.
Devrent Valley or Imaginary Valley on a guided private tour is a must do. There are no Roman castles or Roman tombs in Devrent Valley, as it was never inhabited. The lunar landscape is spectacular here. The small fairy chimneys in the valley form a what looks like a moonscape. The Valley has unique animal shaped rocks, some of the easiest animal forms are a snake, camel, dolphin and seals. If you let your imagination run free, you will find many others.
Escorted Ürgüp private tours will show this beautiful rural retreat hidden away on beautiful unspoilt hillsides. Downtown Ürgüp is modern but still holds onto its cultural village feel, used mainly as a gateway for exploring the Cappadocia district; this is a great quiet and restful place to start your holiday from. Sweet little stone cut houses that in the 1920's were left discarded and slowly degrading but were transformed once tourism took off in the a
Uchisar private tours will take you to the highest point in Cappadocia, the top of the Uchisar Castle. It provides a magnificent panorama of the surrounding area with Mount Erciyes in the distance. Many rooms hollowed out into the rock are connected to each other by tunnels, stairs and passages. At the chambers entrances, there are millstone doors similar to many underground settlements of the time.
Private tours of Ihlara Valley, Turkey's most beautiful natural landscapes are breathtaking. Formed thousands of years ago and situated in the Cappadocia region, the 14-kilometre gorge reaches over 100 metres deep in some sections and have to be seen to be believed. Historians and archaeologists believe communities of people lived here for centuries as they uncovered many human dwellings and cave churches on their investigations.
The village of Çavuşin on a guided private tour is a famous tourist attraction for its impressive cliffs composed of numerous cave dwellings, inhabited up until the early 60s. The landslide risk in the area prompted the Turkish state to relocate the people to purpose built stone houses in the lower Cavusin region. The church of St. John the Baptist and St Jean are located on the main road to the village and are the main attractions on this tour.
Özkonak Underground City
Ozkonak town of Nevsehir city sightseeing tours will take you to the slopes of the Idis Mountain. The underground structure of Ozkonak has a single central passage leading to long narrow corridors connecting the chambers. With salons, sleeping chambers, tombs, and a winery and closeable circle stones for security, this place is fantastic. It has a unique ventilation and communication system that your tour guide will go through on your tour.
First known to be hollowed out in the Roman era, the twin valleys of Soǧanlı are scattered with pyramid-shaped rock pinnacles. Soǧanlı had become a major monastic centre in the past, and its rock pinnacles were home to chapels and the many monks that resided there. The highlight of a guided private tour here is the Kilise (Snake Church), Kilise (Black Hat Church) and Saklı Kilise (Hidden Church).
Horseback Riding Tours
Many guided private horseriding tours are available from 2 hours, 4hours and full day treks. Starting off from the main road you guide will take you through the rock formations and fairy chimneys in this amazing valley. From apricot orchards and vineyards to the spectacular ruins of the underground cities. These tours are ideal for the advanced and amateur rider as you get a close-up view of the valleys that you might otherwise miss on a bus tour.
Hiking Tour in Cappadocia
Hiking private tours of the Cappadocia cover specific areas in these incredible valleys. These specialist tours are customed to each group from inexperienced hikers to the more advanced. You will hike to the fairy chimneys, carved caves and churches of Cappadocia. Two most popular tours are the Rose and Red Valleys tour which is up to 4 hours long, and the Ihlara Valley tour is up to 6 hours long.
Cappadocia Turkish Night Show
Experience Turkish culture and traditions on a private tour Turkish night show. Many of these tours are all inclusive with dinner and local alcohol included, and some are held in Cappadocia’s cave restaurants. From whirling dervishes, traditional live music, folk dancers and belly dancers these Turkish nights are unique and great fun. Some of the dance have been passed down from generation to generation and performed with pride by professional dancers.
Whirling Dervishes Ceremony
Private tour Whirling Dervishes nights are unique to Turkey. The ritual dances have been performed or over 800 years and have become the cultural symbol of Turkey. A 13th-century religious leader Mevlana Celaleddin or Rumi created the Whirling Dervishes dance, he was a creative man and had a philosophy that "you come as you are", and he lived by that all his life. The nights are great fun and usually inclusive of food and refreshments.
Travel Tips for Cappadocia
Best Time To Visit
The best thing about turkey is that you can come at any time of the year as we have an excellent climate all throughout the year, it can be a bit cold and wet from January to Beginning of April and maybe not the ideal time for a balloon ride, so maybe may to November would be better for this. Flights are cheaper outwith the summer season as is the accommodation. Pre-book your airport transfers and tours and save money. More money then for shopping !!
Turkey is the ideal holiday to suit any budget! The flights are a good price, and you can visit turkey any time of the year! The currency is Turkish Lira, but they accept all currencies so don't worry. You are best changing money in Turkey as you get a better rate than you would do back home. You will find most of the cave hotels are affiliated with the companies offering the Balloon rides. Prices are reasonable and a once in a lifetime experience.
Know Before Visiting
Just relax, and have a fabulous holiday, the country is diverse, and the locals are the most welcoming and helpful nation, you will fall in love with this country without a doubt, and will keep coming back. If you love shopping, you can haggle its part of the culture so have fun but do not go crazy take around 30% off their asking price! The local transport is cheap. Try and learn a few words before you go like please, thank you and goodbye.
The weather is fabulous most of the year; we do not really have a very cold winter. From June until the end of October the weather is fantastic and gets scorching from July until September with temperatures rising to 45 degrees! If you are heading to Cappadocia, a balloon ride is a must and the best time is from May to November when the weather is at its best. Your private tour company can advise you of the best time to visit Cappadocia.