History and Religious Tour Ethiopia 13 days
Welcome at the Airport in Addis Ababa by our staff then transfer to your hotel (If night arrival at Addis Ababa) Overnight Foyat hotel****
Getting there: 375 km, 8am-5pm, 9hours drive including 1-hour lunch break and stopping for photos.
Sightseeing: All day, asphalted picturesque road. Lunch at 14th-century town, Debre Birhan, also a sister o a French town. Here is an open sight of the lowlands of Afar depression and the valley of a river called Awash. There is a chance to see Columbus monkey and the endemic Gelada Baboon. Crossing local markets in different locations by the road side which is very interesting for cultural costume, hair style (which indicates whether a girl is virgin, engaged or married ) of different ethnics & tribes, of Semitic, Cushitic, Christians and Muslims of Oromo, Amhara, Argoba, Kobo and Afar tribes meet together on a weekly market day. Overnight Melbourne hotel***
Getting there: 300 km's, 7am-6pm, 8hours drive, asphalted road up to Gashena and gravel road then some 15 km's of asphalted road up to Lalibela (Roha), including 2 hours stopping on the way for photos of different colourful markets and lunch break at Weldia.
Sightseeing: In this part of Ethiopia, tribes of Amhara and Oromo, Muslims and Christians live under one roof, in marriage as one family. Their unique rhythm and dance are widely practised throughout the country. Overnight Sora lodge***
Getting there: Walking, all the eleven churches of St. Lalibela are all in a walking distance, less than 1sq.km which are visited, half day 8am-12am five churches and half day 2pm-5pm the rest six churches.
Sightseeing: There are over 24 rock-hewn churches around Lalibela but we will visit the closest 11 in town and 2 out of town. Roha town (Lalibela) at 2600m altitude, visit the surroundings of Roha town and its people, the monastery and the two story cottages rear elsewhere but found here. St. Lali-bela (which means Honey-eater) was a king and Saint who reigned around 12th century for 40 years, like other eleven Zagwe dynasty kings who ruled Ethiopia between 920AD – 1253AD. (There had been two dynasties in Ethiopia, Solomon dynasty and Zagwe).
This ancient town was visited by the Portuguese priest traveller Francisco Alvares at 1521AD and wrote a book called “A True Relation of the Lands of Prester John”.
Lalibela churches were deliberately hewn as a symbol of Heaven, a living story of the Bible. Dividing the ten churches into two, Heavenly of Jerusalem and Earthly of Jerusalem by a river named Jordan. Each church is named and architecturally hewn to memorise stories from the Bible. The churches of St. Lalibela are recorded as UNESCO’s world heritage. Overnight Sora lodge***
Getting there: 450 km, 9 hours drive including 1hour break for Lunch and stopping for photos on the way.
Sightseeing: Picturesque road, crossing through different tribes & villages, at the end of the day joining the land of Tigre, the third largest northern ethnic in Ethiopia, overnight will be at Mekele, the capital of the Tigray region. Overnight Desta international hotel***
Getting there: Trekking and climbing, an altitude of 2000m to 2200m in each 4hours before and after midday.
Sightseeing: Tigray, Ethiopia’s northernmost region, is the cradle of the country’s glorious history. Bing the home of both the original Ark of the Covenant and the first Christian church in Sub-Saharan Africa, Tigray is called the “open air museum”. Gerealta is the name of red-rock plateau stretched northeast of Wekro up to the south of Tembien. It is where one-third of the total over 150 cave and rock-hewn churches found. Because of their tricky access, they were saved kept untouched and most of the churches were disclosed after the 14th century.
Sightseeing: On the way admiring the unique style of the Tigrian houses made of stone even the roof. At Wekro there is a 4th century rock-hewn church called Wekro Kirkos, five minutes’ walk then 20minutes drive to visit one of the oldest 4th century church, believed to be hewn by the well-known, twin kings, Ezanz and Suzana, named Abreha we Atsbeha after accepting Christianity officially by the first Bishop of Ethiopia, Abba Selama. Overnight Gueralta lodge*** or similar
Getting there: 240kms, 8:30 am -5:30 pm, 4hours drive including 3hours for visiting 5th B.C temple and 3rd A.D church.
Sightseeing: On the road, Adigrat – Adewa is a route frequented by the caravan, salt traders from the shore of Lake Afdera, in Denekel depression.
Yeha temple 6 B.C, a living testimony of ancient civilization of our ancestors is constructed by huge blokes of stones 2500years ago. A visit to a small museum by the temple which boasts of keeping many ancient illuminated manuscripts, crowns, crosses, and many treasures rear to see elsewhere in Ethiopia.
Adewa is one of the places which Ethiopians confirmed their unity to safeguard Ethiopia’s sovereignty. Emperor Menilik II defeated the Italian colonialist on March 1st, 1896 at a day-long battle at Adewa. As Ethiopia was the only independent country in Africa.
The day of Adewa is a day of celebration through all African countries as it is declared at its 100th memorial celebration and at the Head of States summit.The Victory of Adewa is an inspiration to most black people. Our flag Green, Yellow and Red is a base for over twenty countries. Overnight Yared Zemma international hotel***
Getting there: Visit the surroundings of the mysterious ancient city of Axum.
Sightseeing: Axum is one of the twelve world heritage sites recorded from Ethiopia by UNESCO. Axum is a small city which has an important historical significance in Ethiopian history. The first historical evidence of the kingdom of Axum starts around the 3rd century BC when the Egyptian-influenced state of Meroe was flourishing near modern-day Shendi in Sudan.
Morning: Visit to the Stelea field, tomb of King Kaleb and his son king Gebre-Meskel and the church of St. Mary of Zion, the original Ark of the Covenant which is kept under a chapel built next to the 17th century church by King Fassil of Gonder, believed to be given by God to the children of Israel. It was Moses at Mount Sinai, who received the Tablets of Low, the Ten Commandments.
Afternoon: Visit the Museum which has so many artefacts and objects found through excavations since 1908AD.Then 15minites drive to Dngur and Gobedra, a hillside quarry from where the stelaes are transported to be erected around Axum. Overnight Yared Zemma international hotel***
Getting there: Getting there: Departing Axum to Debark. 272kms, 6hours drive, 8:30am – 4:00pm including 1hour for lunch on the way Sightseeing: Through Tekeze River Gorge for scenery and west of Simien mountains national park. The road from Aum to
Sightseeing: Debark is spectacular. In a small village in Tigray begins a long descent which, interrupted with some uphill sections, only ends at 1225 m crossing the river near the beautiful small village Zarema. This is a nice place to walk through. For the first time since leaving Addis we dip below 900 m and this is most evident by the appearance of the majestic Baobab tree that grows only below an altitude of 1000 meters. Overnight Sona hotel(neat, simple and with hot water )
Getting there: 2000kms, including 1hour for lunch on the way.
Sightseeing: Morning: Trekking for 3 hours by the edge of the escarpment up to Gen-Bar falls, the fall which is 800m deep. The rocky massif which slopes down to grasslands in cutting the slopes by gorges, some over 1000m deep. While trekking, the unimaginable breathtaking view, the Afro-Montana evergreen bushland and thicket, over 16 endemic tree herb and grass species. From wild animals, the endemic Gelada baboon, Walia Ibex, Menelik’s bushbuck, and among the commons Klipspringer, Spotted hyena and Black-backed jackal. Among several bird species Erckel’s Francolin, White-rumped babbler, Olive thrush, Ground scraper thrush, Alpine chat, Abyssinian woodpecker, African white-backed vulture, Rueppell’s Griffon, Lammergeyer and Montana night Jar. Then drive back to Debark for lunch and drive to Gonder. Overnight Goha AG hotel***
Getting there: Half day Mixed By car and walking. Then lunch before leaving Gonder.
Morning: Visit the surrounding of Gonder Castle, the oldest in Africa; the magnificently decorated 17th-century church Debre-Birehan Silasi.
Sightseeing: Founded by King Fasiledes (Fassil) in 1635A.D, has served as the imperial capital for 250 years. With its strategic hilltop location at an altitude of 2200m in the southern foothills of the Siemen Mountains, Gonder is best known for its 17th-century castles, Royal swimming pool and most notably the superbly decorated church of Debre Berhan Silasie which are among the 12 UNESCO’s world heritage list. Overnight Jacaranda hotel****
Getting there: 45miniuts boat trip and walk for 20minuts to the church and 40km, 1h drive to the Nile Falls then walk for 20 minutes.
Sightseeing: Morning boat trip to Lake Tana Island namely 15th C Kibran church and 15th C Ura Kidanemiheret church at the peninsula and back to the hotel for lunch. These churches are unique for their roof that can’t be burnt in a time of the fire. Their circular form of building with their walls full of fresco, are really interesting and still active church for the Orthodox believers. At the peninsula also will be visited some treasures of this 15th C church with also some antique objects which are at the display for visitors.
Afternoon, After a lunch break 40km drive on gravel road to the Nile Falls. Then crossing the Nile river bay boat and walking for some 20 minutes will take us to the fall. This legendary fall in a time of rainy season falls to 400m wide. Overnight Jacaranda hotel****
Getting there: 1-hour flight to Addis Abeba city tour of Addis Ababa and shopping.
Sightseeing: City tour includes visiting deferent parts of Addis Ababa (which means New flower in Ethiopian official language Amharic) the world’s third highest capital at an altitude of 2400m, founded by Emperor Menilik II in 1887, with the headquarters of AU (African Union), ECA (economic commission for Africa), many International Organizations over 105 Embassies and with its 4million habitants makes Addis Ababa metropolitan city which is declared as a capital city of Africa.
Before lunch Ethnographic Museum & National Museums which are the best of their type in Africa, after lunch Mercato, the largest open air market in Africa and time for visiting souvenir and artefact shops. At the end from 7 pm- 9 pm farewell dinner with cultural music show, 9:30 pm transfer to Bole International Airport.
Ethiopia is located in the North-East Africa or “Horn of Africa covers an area of 1.104 million km2. Formerly Abyssinia the present Ethiopia is a country with a long and pride- worthy history. This has been attested by historians of the various ages. For instance, in his book entitled periplus of the Eritrean sea, a certain Greek merchant has described the Axumite civilisation of the time in which he states that the seaport known by the name of Adulis was the 3rd seaport in the world outside of the Mediterranean.
Ethiopia is the country of amazing contrast and fascinating diversity. She is composed of soaring rugged mountains, roaring giant rivers, undulating plains and sharp cliffs. The outstanding Landmarks are the central highlands and the lowlands of the east and the south.
Ethiopia has several millennia of history. Going back as far as 3000 B.C. and beyond, this land was known as one of the major seafaring powers of the world. In those days, it ranked among the four great powers of the time.
The 3.5 million years old remains of ‘Lucy’ (Australopithecus Afarensis) and the much older (4.4 million years) fossil of the Homo Ramides make Ethiopia one of the earliest inhabited places in the world. Similarly, the earliest hand tools discovered in it make it the origin of modern technology.
The culture of the people is diverse and colourful. This is manifested in the various languages, throbbing music, attractive hairdos, and friendly attitudes of the people. As a cultural mosaic, Ethiopia is a multi- ethnic state. There is a beauty of fascinating costumes, colour ceremonies and celebrations, arts, crafts, music and dance that distinguish Ethiopia to diminutive Africa.
Ethiopia Is the Land of Stunning Beauty
This is where breath-taking mountain scenery contrasts and merges with silent gorges and deep chasm. The chain of mountain ranges stretching from Tigray & wollo in the north through the central highlands of shewa and extending in a southeasterly curve to Harar and Bale constitute a giant screen of captivating imagery and colour.
Ethiopia is blessed with most of the beauties of nature. Her deep valleys, roaring rivers, meandering streams, jagged mountains, secluded monasteries, and minaret-topped mosques are all fascinating to see. The numerous parks and hot spring are also tantalizing and refreshing. Climatic variations and the isolated forbidding nature of her highlands have made Ethiopia a unique habitat for rare plants, mammals and birds. The parks, reserves and sanctuaries ensure the protection & survival of plant genera & fauna.
- The endangered species are protected in the 11 national parks, 13 wildlife reserves and 18 controlled hunting areas.
- Ethiopia has more than 862 species of birds, 277 species of mammals, 200 species of reptiles, 148 species of fish, 63 species of amphibians and thousands of plants specimens.
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